A rose by any other name would smell as sweet. This is a slightly bastardized translation of what is perhaps the most famous star-crossed lovers play in the world – Romeo & Juliet. This quote might not have a direct link to the post, but it just popped up in my head when I was thinking of how to start off this post. My point was, in a multi-racial society such as Singapore, ingredients will most likely than not be available in a variety of names – English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil or perhaps their native names, whatever that may be. To further compound the problem, the same product might even have TWO different names, such as linseed and flaxseed (they are the same thing).Earlier last year, I was on the hunt for a variety of flours, especially whole grain ones in a bid to build up my whole foods pantry and to introduce new flours/grains/seeds into my diet. I had some difficulty at first trying to identify flours, especially at Mustafa whose flours were mainly in Tamil/Hindi/Urdu, so I decided to compile a list after meticulously counter-checking with not only the staff, but other internet sources and native speakers of the language.

The following list is by no means comprehensive, but it has been of utmost help to me when grocery shopping, not only in Singapore, but in Malaysia and even Taiwan! (where I had to struggle with not just Mandarin names, but traditional Chinese :/) If there’s anything wrong or if you have anything to add to the below table, please comment and let me know! :]

If time permits, I’ll be coming up with a companion list to this, by indicating where in Singapore you can get your hands on some of these flours. It’s still a work in progress so wait for it!

Simple Legend: 
[m] stands for malay
[j] stands for japanese
[i] stands for tamil or hindi or any other indian dialect (sorry I don’t know which is which)

English Name
Chinese Name
Other names
More common flours
All- purpose flour, plain flour, rose flour
麵粉, 中筋麵粉
Tepung Gandum [m]
Tepung seberguna [m]
Bread flour, high protein flour
高筋麵粉, 筋麵, 根麵, 高根粉
Tepung roti [m]
Cake flour, pastry flour, superfine flour
低筋麵粉, 低根粉
Hakurikiko, 薄力粉 [j]
Pau flour, Hong Kong Flour
香港面粉
Self-raising flour
自發麵粉
Tepung naik sendiri [m]
Almond flour /meal
杏仁粉
Amaranth
苋菜, 苋米
Rajgira [i]
Arrowroot
葛粉
Tikora/Paniphal [i]
Kuzuko [j]
Barley Flour
大麦面粉, 薏仁粉
Jav flour [i]
Black gram/lentil
黑鹰嘴豆
Urid/urad dhal [i]
Black Chick Pea
黑鹰嘴豆
Kala Chana [i]
Brown Rice Flour
糙米粉
Buckwheat
乔麦粉, 苦蕎麥
Kotu/Kottu/Kuttu [i]
Bulgur
小麦片
Cassava flour
木薯粉
Gari flour [Nigerian]
Chestnut flour
栗粉
Chickpea flour
鹰嘴豆面粉
Also known as Garbanzo
Besan/gram /chana [i]
Coconut flour, dessicated coconut
椰絲, 椰茸, 椰子粉
Kelapa[m]
Cornstarch/flour
生粉, 玉米澱粉, 粟粉, 粟米粉, 玉米粉, 玉米澱粉
Makai (white corn flour) [i]
Tepung jagung [m]
Cornmeal/polenta
粗玉米豆粉
Makka (coarser) [i]
Masa harina [Spanish]
Corn flour, blue
Harinilla [Spanish]
Durum Flour
硬粒小麦面粉
Flaxseed flour
亚麻籽
Also known as linseed
Jawas [i]
Garbanzo
鹰嘴豆面粉
Kabuli chana/besan/chana dhal [i]
Green Bean flour, mung bean
綠豆粉
Hoen Kwee: roasted green bean
Glutinous Rice Flour
糯米粉
Shiratamako 白玉粉 [j]
Glutinous Rice Flour, cooked
熟糯米粉, 糕粉
gao fun [Cant.], koh fun
Kamut flour
-
Millet, common, white
粟 (糯小米)
Millet, finger
稗, 䅟子
Ragi [i]
Millet, pearl, black
黍 (糯米黍), 珍珠稷, 珍珠黍
Bajra/kambu/bajri/Bajara [i]
Mugwort flour
艾蒿粉
Yomogiko 蓬粉 [j]
Multi-grain flour
雜糧預拌粉
Oat flour
燕麦粉
Jow/Jai/Jaun [i]
Potato flour/starch
生粉, 太白粉, 地瓜粉
Katakuriko 片栗粉 [j]
Pumpernickel
黑麦粉
Also known as dark rye flour
Polenta
玉米粥
See corn flour.
Quinoa flour
藜麦面粉, 藜籽, 小小米, 奎藜籽
Rice Flour (white rice flour)
粘米粉, 粘米粉, 黏米粉, 在來米粉, 在萊米粉, 再來米粉
Jyoshinko, 上新粉 [j]
Idli Rava [i] (raw rice)
Rye Flour
黑麦粉
Medium rye
Sago flour
沙谷粉
Tepung Sagu [m]
Semolina
粗粉
Suji/Sugee/Sooji [i]
Spelt
斯佩尔特小麦面粉
Vartani [i]
Sorghum
高粱面粉
Jowar/Jwar/jowari/juwar [i]
Soy, soya flour
豆粉
Kinako きな粉 [j]
Sweet Potato flour
蕃薯粉, 地瓜粉
Tepung ubi keledek [m]
Sweet Rice Flour
糯米粉
Mochiko [j]
Tapioca Starch
樹薯粉, 木薯粉, 茨粉, 菱粉, 泰國生粉, 太白粉, 地瓜粉
Tepung ubi kayu [m]
Teff flour
画眉草面粉
Triticale flour
小黑麦
Water chestnut flour
荸荠粉
Singhada atta /Singoda [i]
Wheat bran
麦麸
Wheat germ
小麥胚芽, 麥芽粉
Wheat gluten
麵筋粉
Wheat starch
澄麵粉
Tung min
Whole wheat flour
全麥麵粉
Also known as wholemeal flour

14 comments

  1. That’s great!!! It’s a very useful table :) Thanks for sharing.

  2. Heehee..that’s a lot of flour but very informative. Thanks.

  3. Wow, useful info! Thanks for sharing!

  4. Vivian Pang says:

    Thanks for sharing this useful information.

  5. sweetsav says:

    What a nice thing to do. I am sure, it will help,many of us.

  6. Zoe says:

    Kudos to you for making this list! This list will be very useful for all Singaporean bakers.

  7. Amelia says:

    Hi Janine, thanks for sharing the list. It sure useful for all of us.

    Have a nice day.

  8. Mary says:

    I would imagine that many of your readers will find this information really helpful. I know I would. I hope you have a great day. Blessings…Mary

  9. 365days2play says:

    Very informative! Is Mustafa a good and cheap place to buy all these?

  10. Sarah says:

    Wow – great useful table! Good work! :)

  11. You made a very helpful list and so happy Japanese is included here. :-)

  12. Janine says:

    Hey everyone, thanks for all the nice comments and glad that it’s helpful for everyone :)

    @365days2play: yup you can get some of the flours at Mustafa, and others at organic stores :)

  13. noobcook says:

    This is truly useful information :)

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